/ /

PCOS: Understanding the symptoms

Jun 28,2023 | Wawawax Global Sdn Bhd

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects a significant number of women globally. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly known as PCOS, is a condition that is marked by hormonal imbalances, irregular menstrual cycles, and the development of cysts on the ovaries. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can greatly affect a woman's overall health and reproductive capabilities. The physical and emotional toll it takes can be significant, making it a crucial issue to address. In this article, we will explore the basics of PCOS, its symptoms, and its causes.  

What is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries, the female reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs and hormones like estrogen and progesterone. In PCOS, hormonal imbalances disrupt the normal functioning of the ovaries, leading to a range of symptoms.

Symptoms of PCOS

The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman, and they may include:

Irregular menstrual cycles: Women with PCOS often experience irregular, infrequent, or prolonged menstrual periods.

Excessive hair growth: Due to elevated levels of androgens (male hormones) in the body, women with PCOS may develop excessive hair growth on the face, chest, or abdomen.

Acne and oily skin: Increased androgen levels can also contribute to acne breakouts and oily skin.

Weight gain: Many women with PCOS struggle with weight management due to insulin resistance, a common feature of the condition.

Mood swings and depression: Hormonal imbalances in PCOS can affect a woman's emotional well-being, leading to mood swings and an increased risk of depression.


Causes and Risk Factors

While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, several factors are believed to contribute to its development:

Hormonal imbalance: PCOS is primarily associated with higher levels of androgens and insulin resistance, disrupting the normal hormonal balance.

Genetics: There is evidence to suggest that PCOS may have a genetic component, with a higher risk among women who have close relatives with the condition.

Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance occurs when the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, leading to elevated insulin levels. This can contribute to hormonal imbalances and the development of PCOS.